Wentz’s Church School/Lederach’s Seminary/Metz’s One Room Schoolhouse #4

 Skippack Pike, Worcester, PA

Wentz’s Church, Sexton’s House (2009) – The first-floor room on the left corner is said to have been the school teacher’s house during the time of the first community school.

The oldest community school was at Wentz’s Church and dates to 1765. Thirty pupils attended. Mr. Kerndoeffer was a teacher.

Sometime after 1783, Letherach’s Seminary replaced the community school at Wentz’s.  This school was built by Henry Letherach, Sr., on his property across Skippack Pike from Wentz’s Church.  In 1841, Henry Letherach sold the school house and a small plot of land to the trustees of the community school, with the stipulation that it never be used for a common (public) school or “singing school.”

In 1849, the school trustees obtained the use of the school house from Wentz’s trustees for a public school, despite the restriction against that use. By this time it was called Metz’s, Garret Metz being one of the trustees.  Ten years later, when the school was scheduled to be rebuilt, Garret Metz purchased the school house from the Wentz trustees and then sold it to the public school directors, minus the restriction imposed by Henry Letherach. The directors justified the sale and repurchase by declaring that the school property was too small for a common school.  Metz sold the district an additional half acre of land to address this need. 

The following is an incomplete chronology of teachers, class lists, and events from the earliest records until the school was sold in 1915.  Class lists are often incomplete. Teacher Reports to the Board of Directors occurred monthly. Students who did or did not appear on one list may have appeared or disappeared on another.  Attendance, Progress, and Deportment weretracked.  Progress and Deportment were listed as Very Good, Good, Average, Middling, Poor, Very Poor, and Indifferent.

1850-1851 Joseph Allebaugh

1851-1852 William G Rhoades

1852-1853 Daniel H Cassel

1853-1854 Daniel H Cassel

1854-1855 Samuel K Cassel

Class list (boys and girls were listed separately): Hannah Artner, Susanna Artner, Sophia Batz, Catharine Blackburn, Emeline Cassel.Frederick Denner, Jacob Denner, Sarah Denner, Susanna Denner, Andrew Detwiler, Daniel Detwiler, Joseph Detwiler, Mary Jane Drake. Deborah Frederick, Elizabeth Frederick, Francis Frederick, Jacob Frederick, Jesse Frederick, Catharine Fuss, Jacob Fuss, Mary Fuss, Hannah Hartman, William Hawk???, Charles Hendricks, Samuel Hendricks, Frederick Henning, Henry Henning, John Henning, Abner Johnson, Amanda Johnson,  Charles Johnson, Henry Johnson, Harriet Johnson, Mary Johnson, Henry Keeler, Sarah Keeler, Henry Knipe, Amos Kriebel, Francis Krieble/le, Michael Krieble/el, Susanna Kriebel, Samuel Kriebel, Mahlon Kulp, Abraham Metz, Hannah Metz, Susanna Metz, Isaac Moyer, Samuel Schultz, Susanna Schultz, William Schultz,  George Stong, Levi Stong,  Matilda Stong, Isaac Stover, William Stover, John Summers, James Vanfossen

Books Used: Comly’s Primer; Emerson’s Spelling; New Testament; Goodrich’s United States History; Parleys’ Ancient History; Rose & Pike’s Arithmetic, Smith’s English Grammar; Olney’s Geography; Vogdes’ Mensuration.

Subjects taught: Orthography (spelling), Reading Writing English Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, and Mensuration (measurements).

1855-1856 William Goshow

Class list: Mary Ann Berge, Allen Boorse, William Bowman, Emeline Cassel, Andrew Detwiler, Mary Ann Drake, William Drake, Catharine Foose/Fuss, Mary Fuss, Jacob Foose/Fuss, William M Foose/Fuss, Deborah Frederick, Jacob Frederick, Jesse Frederick, Franklin Frederick, Elizabeth Frier/Fryer, Susanna Frier/Fryer, Susannah Gamon, Emeline Gresh, Hannah Hartman, Abbey Haldeman, Abraham C Haldeman, Isaac C Haldeman, Martha Jane Heist, Jacob Hendricks, Henry Henning, Frederick Henning, John Henning, Susanna Hoot, William Houck, Amos Kriebel, Samuel Kriebel, Francis Kriebel, Michael Kriebel, William Krieble, Mahlon Kulp, Henry Knipe, Cynthia Land, Elizabeth Land, Jacob Land, Silas Land, Franklin Land, Abraham Metz, Garret Metz, Hannah Metz, Susannah Metz, Isaac Meyer, Elizabeth Moyer, Hannah Otner, Susannah Otner, Samuel Schultz, Susanna Schultz, William Schultz, Abner Sheridan (the only student listed as “indifferent”), George Stong, Levi Stong, Matilda Stong, William Stover, James Vanfossen, Henry Yerger

Books used: Cobbs and Cormley’s Spelling; Rose & Pike’s and Greenleaf’s Arithmetics; Bonnycassles’ Mensuration; Cobb’ s First, Fourth and Fifth Readers; Bible and New Testament; Olney’s Geography and Atlas, Smith’s English Grammar.

Subjects taught: Alphabet, Orthography, Reading, Writing, Arithmetic, Mensuration (measurement), and Geography.

1856-1857 Joel H Krause

1857-1858 E K Gresh

1858-1859 E K Gresh

The tax rate was 20¢ per $100 with 8¢ per $100 additional for building purposes.  In 1859, half an acre of land was purchased from Garret and Hannah Metz for $60 for a new school house. The contract was given to Garret Metz, a carpenter, to build the school house for $350.

1859-1860 E K Gresh

1860-1861 E K Gresh

1861-1862 Ephraim Burget

1862-1863 H S Cassel

The school term was fixed for 6 months. Previously a 5 month term was taught.

1863-1864 H S Cassel

1864-1865 Isaac W Longacre

Teachers’ salaries were fixed at $25 per month.

1865-1866 Aaron S Swartz (became president judge of the county courts)

1866-1867 Christian D Cassel

1867-1868 Christian D Cassel

Teachers’ salaries were raised to $33 per month and the school term was extended to 7 months.

1868-1869 George E Brecht

1869-1870 John W Longacre

1870-1871 George E Brecht

1871-1872 George E Brecht

1872-1873 George E Brecht

Numbering of the seven Worcester schools begins. Metz’s is assigned #4.

1873-1874 George E Brecht

1874-1875 George E Brecht

1875-1876 George E Brecht

1876-1877 George E Brecht

1877-1878 George E Brecht

At the Feb 4, 1878, meeting of the school board, a committee of Wentz’s Church was given permission to use Metz’s school house for Church and Sunday School purposes during the summer month while the new Wentz’s Church was built.

1878-1879 Rachael Snyder

1879-1880 Joseph H Johnson

1880-1881 Joseph Johnson

At the May 14, 1881, meeting of the school directors, a contract was approved for a new school house at Metz’s for $1230.

1881-1882 Joseph Miller

1882-1883 Joseph Miller

The teacher’s salary was raised to $38 for 7 months for 22 days per month.

1883-1884 Joseph Miller

Circa 1884, Metz’s School, Worcester – All unidentified except Row 3: 17 Ella Seipt (right, end)

The teacher’s salary was raised to $40 for 7 months for 22 days per month.

1884-1885 Joseph Miller

In 1885 a “graded” system was adopted. The highest grade taught was 8th grade.

1885-1886 Joseph Miller

1886-1887 George K Brecht

1887-1888 George K Brecht (became a lawyer)

1888-1889 Samuel K Brecht (Class of ’87) (Abraham R Kriebel, assistant teacher)

“The Montgomery Transcript,” a German-language newspaper printed in Skippackville, begins to publish in English. Excerpts from this local paper have been included here when relevant.

“Dr. A R Horne, Principle of Muhlenberg College, Allentown, has been engaged to deliver a lecture in Lownes Hall at Center Point, next Thursday evening January 17, on the subject “Push and Pull.” The lecture will be held for the benefit of the library at Metz’s school in Worcester Township.  Dr. Horne will undoubtly very abel, “Push and Pull,” his presence of a large audience, which he certainly deserves.”   11 Jan 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“Push and Pull” the lecture by Dr. A R Horne, of Allentown, which was advertised to be held at Center Point last evening, has been postponed and will be held next Thursday Evening, January 24, rain or shine.”   18 Jan 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“The lecture by Dr. A R Horne, given in Lownes Hall, Center Point, for the benefit of the Library of Metz’s  school, was good and was appreciated by all who heard it, but owing to the inclement weather it was not very largely attended, and consequently it was not a great success financially.”   1 Feb 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“The teachers of Worcester Township met last Monday evening at Center Point to adopt the questions for the final examinations.”   1 Feb 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“County Superintendent Hoffecker spent two days visiting our schools last week.  We have to believe that he never found them in better conditions.”   8 Feb 1889 – Montgomery Transcript

“Metz’s school, in Worcester township, Monday added thirty three volumes to their library, among them Alden’s Mansford cyclopedia, when completed, thirty volumes.  Thirteen have already been published, and the remaining volumes will follow at the rate of one a month.”   22 Feb 1889 – Montgomery Transcript

“During the present term about every progressive public school teacher is striving to establish a library in his school for the pupils.  The means to purchase books, however, is generally lacking, and teachers are using various laudable means to raise money for that purpose, some by collecting of the patrons and others by giving entertainments.  In every instance thus far the schools have succeeded in getting a good beginning by purchasing a number of useful books, to which additions will be made from time to time as funds accumulate.  Horace K Anson, teacher of Stump Hall School, Worcester township, held a very successful entertainment January 19, Samuel K Brecht, teacher of Metz’s school, in the same township secured by Horne to deliver a lecture.”   1 Mar 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“The directors of the Worcester schools propose to hold the examination of the seniors private.  No one but those immediately interested will be admitted.  This is not done from a selfish standpoint, but formerly so very many attended, but the noise confused both the examiner and the examined, and even crowed the latter.”  15 Mar 1889 – Montgomery Transcript

“Superintendent Hoffecker finished the examination of the senior class of the Worcester public schools last Monday.  The following are the names of the graduates, all of whom passed a very creditable examination.  Theodore Morgan [Quarry Hall], Bessie Weikel [Quarry Hall], Bessie Grater, Charles K Meschter, Horace A Heebner [Stump Hall], John K Heebner [Stump Hall], Rose Wanner [Quarry Hall], Alice K Anson [Stump Hall], Elwood W Anders [Stump Hall], Katie Schultz, Ida C Slough [Anders], Mary Ella Beyer [Cassel’s], Winfield Place [Roberts], Araminta Anders [Anders], Ambrose Kriebel [Metz’s], Amanda Detwiler [Quarry Hall].  This is the largest class Worcester ever graduated.  The Commencement exercise will be held Saturday Afternoon, May 16, in Lowne’s Hall, Center Point.  The program will be published in due time.”   5 Apr 1889-Montgomery Transcript

“A week to-morrow (Saturday, May 18,) the public school of Worcester township will hold their fourth Annual Commencement in the Schwenkfelder church, commencing at 2 o’clock in the afternoon, when sixteen pupils representing six schools will graduated and receive their diplomas.”

“As predicted the Commencement of the public schools of Worcester township Saturday afternoon, was a great occasion for the township, and a larger audience never occupied the basement of the Schwenkfelder church than that which crowed itself into the building.  The hours was set at 2’oclock, but all who came at that hours were obliged to remain outside, and there were many of these.  It would have required a room again is large as the basement of the church to comfortably seat all who were inside and outside.  People were present from Lansdale, West Point, Norristown, Upper Merion Township, Ironbridge, Zieglersville, Skippack and other places, all whom agreed that Worcester is in the front rank in educational matters.  All of which is due to the progressive Board of Directors in that township.”  24 May 1889 — Montgomery Transcript

1889-1890 William M Geyer

”Tuesday evening February 4th, Bethel, Anders, and Metz’s schools of Worcester Township will be presented with flags by Washington Camp, No. 33, P. O. S. of A. (Patriotic Order Sons of America) of West Point.  The exercises will be held in Lownes Hall, and will be participated in by several schools.  Exjudge H C Hoover, of Camp No. 322, will deliver the presentation address in behalf of Camp No. 33.  After the flags have been received by the Schools, James H Wolfe Esq., of the Philadelphia Bar, will deliver an address.  The public is invited.”   24 Jan 1890 – Montgomery Transcript

“Measles are still prevailing and spreading over the township.  The attendance of all the schools is more or less affected.  Cassel’s school has been closed for over a week.  H K Anson opened his school Stump Hall again last Monday.”  21 Feb 1890-Montgomery Transcript

”Measles are still in our midst, Metz’s school has been reduced from sixty pupils to eighteen.  When it was decided to close until next week.  Anders’ school may also be closed.”   28 Feb 1890 – Montgomery Transcript

”The following are the names of seven graduates of the schools of this township who have passed an examination by Superintendent Hoffecker, last week: Samuel H Schultz and James W Cassell, Metz’s School; Mary Yerger, Nora Meschter and John G Stong, Anders’ School; Allen S Beyer, Cassel’s School; Daisy Gotwals, Bethel School.”   11 Apr 1890-Montgomery Transcript

”Superintendent R F Hoffecker, Monday examined seven applicants for schools in Worcester Township.  All succeeded but one.  The School board elected the following teachers after the examination.  Clara B Custer, Fairview Village School; Bessie Grater, Roberts School; Wm. M Geyer, Metz’s school; H K Anson, Stump Hall School; A L Anson, Bethel School; Alice Hendricks, Anders school; the teacher for Cassel’s school has not yet been appointed.”   20 Jun 1890 – Montgomery Transcript

1890-1891 William M Geyer

“The teachers will hold an examination for the senior pupils of the public schools Saturday, at Stump Hall School House, beginning at 8 o’clock in the morning.  The object is to ascertain the general standing of the pupils.  It is thought the passing average will be raised.  This would be a good step forward.”   2 Jan 1891 – Montgomery Transcript

“The School Directors Tuesday finished their annual visiting tour of the schools.  Water Street and Stump Hall schools being the last on the list.  The Board was entertained at the residence of David Roberts, where an excellent dinner was given by the veteran President of the Board, now about to retire.”  27 Feb 1891-Montgomery Transcript

“After 27 years of continuous service as a member and President of the Worcester School Board, David Roberts will this year retire from the Board.  His successor, Joseph H Hunsberger, was elected Tuesday. Jeremiah K Anders was elected to the late Abraham K Anders who was a member of the Board for 21 years.”   20 Feb 1891-Montgomery Transcript

“The examination of the senior class of the schools of this township by Superintendent Hoffecker was held Saturday in the Fairview Village school house.  The entire class, fourteen in number passed.  Eleven are girls.  The names of the graduate and the schools which they attended are as follows:  Allen Seipt, Warren Anders, Flora A Heebner, Stump Hall; Irene Seipt, Katie Brecht and John R Keyser, Metz’s; Anna Morgan, Emma Detwiler, Mary Morgan, Mattie Markley and Andrew Trucksess, Fairview; M. Anna Dotts and Jennie Wilkinson, Bethel; Tillie Walker, Anders School.  The commencement will be held in the Schwenkfelder church, Saturday June 6.”   8 May 1891-Montgomery Transcript

1891-1892 Isaiah M Stover

“The schools of this township opened Monday.  The number of pupils in attendance was as follows: Stump Hall 29, Water Street 34, Fairview Village 38, Metz’s 40, Anders 42, Cassel’s 35, and Bethel 26.”  4 Sep 1891-Montgomery Transcript

“Last Thursday and Friday Superintendent Hoffecker examined the senior class of Worcester Township.  The following composed the class and passed the examination: Mamie E Schultz, Bertha I Moyer, Sallie Seasholtz, Katie Place, Etta Custer, Howard Beyer, Charles Kriebel, Wilson Freeman, and John Bossert, the commencement will be held on the afternoon of May 28th in the Schwenkfelder Church.”   6 May 1892-Montgomery Transcript

“The commencement of the public schools of Worcester in the Schwenkfelders church last Saturday was a grand success.  The singing by Heebner quartette was especially fine.  Dr. George K Meschter addressed the graduates, his chief theme being every man to his own work.  Jesse S Kriebel, in presenting the diplomas, made some very appropriate remarks and encouraged the parents to take a personal interest in schools and encourage the children by visiting the schools. Superintendent Hoffacker made a strong address.  He upheld the necessity of education.  In the course of his remarks, during which the Superintendent grew warm, he said: I speak somewhat excitedly to-day, because I heard that one of the townships intend to lower the school tax by lowering teachers salaries and shorting school term.  He urged Worcester to hold the standard high.”   3 Jun 1982-Montgomery Transcript

“The School Board has increased the salaries of the teachers from 40 to 45 dollars per month, and made the following appointments: Anders, Miss Hendricks; Cassel’s, Miss Ella Moser; Metz’s, Isaiah M Stover; Stump Hall, H K Anson; Robert’s, A L Anson; Fairview Village and Bethel are still vacant.”   24 Jun 1892 – Montgomery Transcript

1892-1893 Isaiah M Stover

1893-1894 Isaiah M Stover

1894-1895 Isaiah M Stover

1895-1896 Isaiah M Stover

1896-1897 Isaiah M Stover

1897-1898 Isaiah M Stover

1898-1899 Isaiah M Stover???

1899-1900 Isaiah M Stover (Mary Z Bean, assistant teacher)

1900-1901 Isaiah M Stover

1901-1902 Emma Seipt

(Louisa Phipps, assistant teacher, later resigned. Mary Snyder took her place.)

1902-1903 Mary S Rittenhouse (‘93) (Mary Z Bean, assistant teacher)




1903 Metz’s School Worcester
Row 1: 1 Harrison Bustard, 2 James Rothenberger, 3 unidentified, 4 Elmer Keyser, 5 Robert Benner, 6 William Seipt, 7 Levin Geller, 8 Sallie Koffel, 9 Elsie Benner, 10 ? Hallman, 11 Elizabeth Hunsberger
Row 2: 1 Benjamin Stevens (head under cellar window), 2 Thomas Koffel, 3 Rhoda Bookheimer, 4 Alice Fry, 5 Carrie Benner, 6 Teacher Mary Bean
Row 3: 1 Teacher Mary Rittenhouse, 2 Clarence Fry, 3 unidentified, 4 Harrison Metz, 5 unidentified, 6 Blanche Schweiker, 7 Mabel Johnson, 8 Florence Kriebel, 9 Iva Allebach, 10 Irene Koffel, 11 Evelyn Bookheimer, 12 Ella Mae Metz, 13 Mabel Bustard, 14 Alice Bean, 15 Ella Bean?
Row 4: 1 William Delp, 2 John Koffel, 3 Claude Allebach, 4 Roscoe Bookheimer, 5 Walter Stevens, 6 Clayton Anders, 7 Katie Kriebel, 8 Mayme Benner, 9 unidentified, 10 Verna Metz, 11 unidentified, 12 Edna Anders
Row 5: 1 Lawrence Rothenberger, 2 unidentified, 3 Arthur Anders, 4 Russell Custer, 5 unidentified, 6 unidentified, 7 Leroy Anders, 8 Linwood Metz, 9 Melvin Kriebel

1903-1904 Mary A Nyce

1904-1905 Mary A Nyce

1905-1906 Herbert S Detwiler

1906-1907 Bertha Schlichter (Sarah Detwiler assistant teacher)

abt 1907 Metz’s School Worcester
Row 1: 1 Bessie Gilbert, 2 Ida Garges, 3 Irene Koffel, 4 Mabel Fry, 5 Mayme Benner, 6 Katie Kriebel, 7 Teacher Bertha Schlichter, 8 Harrison Kriebel, 9 Harvey Halteman, 10 Frank Wilson, 11 Clarence Geyer, 12 Walter Stevens
Row 2: 1 Earl Frick, 2 Jacob Nyce, 3 Russell Garges, 4 Robert Geyer, 5 Harry Halteman, 6 Elmer Yerger, 7 Alice Michener, 8 Pearl Custer, 9 Clara Nyce, 10 Mayme Craft, 11 Idella Nyce, 12 Semina Kline, 13 Verna Metz
Row 3: 1 Stanley Kline, 2 Elmer Koffel, 3 Linwood Koffel, 4 Howard Snyder, 5 Horace Nyce, 6 Amos Nyce, 7 Anna Wilson, 8 Anna Wilson, 9 Bertha Henning, 10 Mary Kriebel, 11 Emma Kline, 12 Katie Halteman
Row 4: 1 Oscar Rothenberger, 2 Raymond Koffel, 3 Russell Bossert, 4 Elmer Henning, 5 Vernon Halteman, 6 Henry Benner, 7 Elmer Kline, 8 Roy Schultz, 9 Daniel Kline, 10 Stanley Geyer

1907-1908 Bertha Schlichter (Mary Z Bean, assistant teacher)

At the November 5, 1908, school directors’ meeting, the board authorized the secretary to buy one-half acre of land from H Henning for an addition to Metz’s school lot.

The tax rate was fixed at 4 mills in preparation for the opening of a High School, which was decided on June 15, 1908, in Farmers Hall, Center Point.  Professor Harvey G Allebach was appointed as Principal.  The assistant teachers were eliminated for the one-room schools. 

1908-1909 Anna E Rossell

1909-1910 Edna Farnsworth

1910-1911 Edna Farnsworth

1911-1912 Edna Farnsworth

On May 1, 1912, a meeting of the school board committee authorized the purchase of two acres of land for $1000 fronting on Skippack Pike to build a High School.

1912-1913 Emma Weber

 “A word contest is keeping the pupils of Metz’s school thinking this evening (Friday).   The teacher has given his name and the pupils getting the most number of words out of it will receive a prize.  Leroy Schultz was awarded first prize for getting the most number of words out of the teacher’s name, Robert Whitman.  He formed 713 words.  A second prize was awarded to one of the scholars who had 522 words.”  28 Mar 1913–Montgomery Transcript

1913-1914 Robert Whitman

“A Thanksgiving play will be given in Metz’s school house on Thanksgiving evening.  An admission of 10 cents will be charged.”    13 Nov 1913-Montgomery Transcript

1914-1915 Raymond Adans


In 1916, pupils began attending Center Point Consolidated School
(see “Consolidation of Worcester schools”)

In 1916 the building and three fourths of an acre were sold on February 28 at public auction at the Farmers Union Hall before about 200 citizens for $580 to H M Geyer.  Bidding started at $300. School bells were sold for 70¢, $1.25 and $ 1.50.  A stove was sold for $1.40, curtains for 50¢, two black boards for 10¢ and other articles for 15¢.  The total sale of properties for all seven one-room schools amounted to $2,765.60.


Metz’s School Reunions

“Reunion of former teachers and scholars of Metz’s school, to be held on the lawn at Wentz’s church on Saturday afternoon will very likely result in a homecoming of many local boys and girls who received their early school training in that old one-room stone schoolhouse now the comfortable residence of Leroy Geyer twenty five years ago and over as well as of some of the former teachers who taught in the days when the hickory rod ruled the roost.”

“Among the former teachers who are expected to attend this reunion are Dr Geo E Brecht of Chalfont and Joseph H Johnson, of Royersford, both of whom will speak.
An interesting program has been arranged for the occasion several photographs of scholars and teachers one of which was taken fifty years ago, will be shownA box lunch will be served and coffee and ice cream will be provided.”     12 Sep 1929 – Montgomery Transcript. 

[If anyone has any of the photos mentioned here, PLEASE contact librarian@worcesterhistorical.org] 

“Eight formers teachers and fifty-five former pupils of the old Metz’s school attended the first reunion in memory of the old educational landmark held in the Sunday School room of the Wentz’s Reformed church on Saturday afternoon.  It proved a unique gathering, one that will linger in the memory of every person who attended it.”

“The highlights of the interesting program rendered during the afternoon were addressed by the oldest former teacher present, George E Brecht, of Chalfont, and Joseph H Johnson, of Royersford, who taught there half a century ago and a historical address by Amos H Schultz, of Worcester, a former scholar of the old school and a present secretary of the School Board of Worcester township.
Former teachers present included George E Brecht, of Chalfont; Joseph H Johnson, of Royersford; Prof Samuel K Brecht, of Manoa, Delaware county; I M Stover of Harleysville; Miss Mary R Rittenhouse, of Worcester; Herbert Detwiler and Mrs Mary Bean Arnold, of Reading. Thomas Koffel, a former pupil of Mary Rittenhouse, came from the State of Washington to be present at the reunion.
At the conclusion of the program it was unanimously decided to make the reunion an annual affair to be held at Wentz’s church each year.”   19 Sep 1929 – Montgomery Transcript


Heebner, Joseph R., “A Century of Public School System of Worcester Township Montgomery County, Penna.”

Deeds, Montgomery County Records Archive

“The Montgomery Transcript” Extracts by Lester Landis